- Blockage of one or more arteries that supply blood to the heart.
- Usually due to accumulation of atheromatous plaques & hardening of the arteries, also called atherosclerosis.
Causes / Risk Factors
- High levels of cholesterol in the blood
- High blood pressure
- High-fat diet
- Lack of exercise
- Emotional stress
Signs and Symptoms
- Cardiac arrest
- Chest pain/discomfort that may radiate to shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back (usually left side) and tends to get worse during exertion (physical activity/exercise)
- Shortness of breath
- Palpitations (rapid or strong heartbeat)
- Irregular heartbeat
- Dizziness or fainting
Treatment Need Medical Consultation
- Medical treatment includes:
1) Lower cholesterol levels
2) Control blood pressure
3) Control diabetes Invasive cardiovascular interventions:
- Coronary bypass operation Medications:
- Includes relief of chest pain, control of tachycardia (fast heart beat)
- Blood thinners Cardiac Rehabilitation and Follow Up with your doctor.
LIFESTYLE CHANGE is the most effective way to prevent heart disease:
- Eat a healthy/balanced diet.
- Engage in regular physical activity.
- Lower fat intake.
- Lower blood cholesterol.
- Control high blood pressure and diabetes.
- Quit smoking.
- Lower alcohol intake.
Source: Philippine Health Advisories.