Health Tips 

What is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)?

Health Tips Heart problemsKalusugan ay laging pagka-ingatan. Alamin kung ano ang Coronary Artery Disease.

Coronary Plague HealthWhat is Coronary Artery Disease

  • Blockage of one or more arteries that supply blood to the heart.
  • Usually due to accumulation of atheromatous plaques & hardening of the arteries, also called atherosclerosis.

Causes / Risk Factors

  • Heredity
  • High levels of cholesterol in the blood
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • High-fat diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Emotional stress

Signs and Symptoms

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Chest pain/discomfort that may radiate to shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back (usually left side) and tends to get worse 
during exertion (physical activity/exercise)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Palpitations (rapid or strong heartbeat)
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Dizziness or fainting

Treatment Need Medical Consultation

  • Medical treatment includes:

1) Lower cholesterol levels
2) Control blood pressure
3) Control diabetes
Invasive cardiovascular interventions:

  • Coronary bypass operation
Medications:
  • Includes relief of chest pain, control of tachycardia (fast heart beat)
  • Blood thinners Cardiac Rehabilitation and Follow Up with your doctor.

Prevention:


LIFESTYLE CHANGE is the most effective way to prevent heart disease:

  • Eat a healthy/balanced diet.
  • Engage in regular physical activity.
  • Lower fat intake.
  • Lower blood cholesterol.
  • Control high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Lower alcohol intake.

 

Source: Philippine Health Advisories.

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