Introduction to the State of Kuwait
Kuwait’s location is in the northwestern part of the Arabian Gulf, having north-west borders with Iraq, south and south-west borders with Saudi Arabia. Its shores of the Arabian Gulf lie on the west. This strategic location provides Kuwait with a commercial importance. It is a natural outlet for the northwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula, a port that has welcomed diverse people from different backgrounds. The total area of Kuwait is 17.818 square Kilometers.
After the discovery of oil, a nation of fishermen, pearl divers and traders transformed into one of the richest and most developed nations in the world offering state-of-the-art amenities, secure infrastructural facilities and technical excellence.
In the 1970s, Kuwait became the center of fine arts, political and social awareness. It has been a place where most significant Arab leaders, luminaries, talents and other notable individuals in recent years, lived and thrived.
The Invasion of Kuwait, also known as the Iraq-Kuwait War in August 1990, was a major conflict between the Republic of Iraq and the State of Kuwait, which resulted in the seven-month long Iraqi occupation of Kuwait, and subsequently led to direct military intervention by United States- led forces in the Gulf War.
After the decisive Iraqi victory, Kuwait was considered annexed ino Iraq. The exiled Kuwaiti royal family and other former government officials began an international campaign to persuade other countries to pressure Iraq to vacate Kuwait.
Following the events of the Iraq-Kuwait war, about half of the Kuwaiti population, including more than 400,000 Kuwaitis and several thousand foreign nationals, fled the country. During the 7 month-long Iraqi occupation, there was widespread looting and there were also reports of violations of human rights.
In December 2002, Iraq apologized for the invasion of Kuwait and two years later, the Palestinian leadership also apologized for its wartime support of Iraq.
The Kuwaitis’ pride in their history, heritage and national progress has given rise to an identity which is uniquely Kuwaiti. While it is a modernized country, Kuwaiti traditions continue to stand strong alongside the most appropriate way of the famous Arab hospitality.